October 20, 2014

Relevant Information Systems

Accident/Incident Data System (AIDS)

  • Went operational in 1978
  • Administered by the Federal Aviation Administration
  • Provides data on collisions, crashes, and non-crash incidents
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.asias.faa.gov

Air Registry (AR)

  • Went operational in 1926
  • Administered by the Federal Aviation Administration
  • Contains records of over 320,000 active civil aircraft
  • Categories: Public Records
  • http://registry.faa.gov/aircraftinquiry/

Automated Regional Justice Information System (ARJIS)

  • Went operational in 1980
  • Administered by SANDAG (San Diego Association of Governments)
  • Operates in San Diego, CA, and Imperial, CA
  • Used by 71 local, state, and federal agencies
  • As of year-end 2007, contains 2.5 million incidents (suspicious reports, citations, crime cases, arrests, and traffic accidents)
  • Categories: Incidents, Photos, Mug Shots, Crime Data
  • http://www.arjis.org

Aviation Safety Reporting System (ASRS)

  • Went operational in 1976
  • Administered by National Aeronautics and Space Administration (NASA)
  • Funded by Federal Aviation Administration
  • Contains data on incidents or situations in which aviation safety was compromised.
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.asias.faa.gov

Bomb Data Center (BDC)

  • Went operational in 1996
  • Administered by the Bureau of Alcohol, Tobacco, Firearms and Explosives (ATFE)
  • Provides data on arson and explosives related incidents throughout the United States
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.atf.gov/explosives/groups/usbdc/

Bureau of Transportation Statistics (BTS)

  • Went operational in 1992
  • Administered by Department of Transportation
  • Provides data on all types of tranporation, with information regarding accidents, traffic volumes, and economic measures.
  • Categories: Incidents, Public Records
  • http://www.bts.gov

Citizen and Law Enforcement Analysis and Reporting (CLEAR)

  • Went operational in 2003
  • Administered by Chicago Police Department
  • Used by over 400 law enforcement agencies from Illinois, Indiana, Wisconsin, Minnesota, and Washington, D.C.
  • Contains data from automated dispatch systems, fingerprints, arrest databases, investigation reports, traffic violation convictions, criminal warrants, stolen property, gang data, investigative alerts, contact cards, and over 6 million mug shots.
  • Categories: Incidents, Mug Shots, Crime Data
  • http://gis.chicagopolice.org

Comprehensive Regional Information Management Exchange System (CRIMES)

  • Went operational in the early 1990s
  • Used regionally in Hampton Roads, VA.
  • Contains more than 11 million state and local records, including arrests, bookings, incident reports, investigative reports, field interviews, citations, warrants, juvenile data, pawn data, and mug shots.
  • Categories: Incidents, Mug Shots, Crime Data
  • Now replaced by LInx

Factual Analysis Criminal Threat Solution (FACTS) System

  • Went operational in 2001
  • Contained access to data including sex offenders, motor vehicles, driver’s licenses, criminal histories, department of corrections, and public records such as pilot licenses, aircraft ownership, real-property ownership, Cost Guard-registered vehicles, corporate filings, Uniform Commercial Code (UCC) filings or business liens, bankruptcy filings, state-issued professional licenses, internet domains, hunting and fishing licenses, firearms and explosive permits, DEA-controlled substances licenses, residential and business phone listings, and civil courts records.
  • Categories: Incidents, Crime Data, Public Records
  • Used by approximately 250 agencies in Florida

Florida Information Network for Data Exchange and Retrieval (FINDER)

  • Went operational in 2002
  • Used by more than 140 agencies in Florida
  • Contains access to records of property, motor vehicles, pawn activity, and persons and their known associates, via incident reports, accident reports, traffic citations, field interrogations, arrest data, bookings, parking tickets, towed vehicles, contacts/statements, sex offenders, gang reports, computer-aided dispatch, and other sources.
  • Categories: Incidents, Crime Data, Public Records

Global Terrorism Database (GTD)

  • Went operational in 2001
  • Administered by the University of Maryland
  • Contains data on 80,000 terrorist attacks, 27,000 bombings, 12,000 assassinations, and 2,900 kidnappings since 1970.
  • Covers 45 variables for each case, with 120 variables on newer incidents.
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/

Homeland Security Information Network (HSIN)

  • Went operational in 2002
  • Administered by Department of Homeland Security
  • Contains counter-terrorism and situational awareness information
  • Renamed from Joint Regional Information Exchange System (JRIES) in 2005 to reflect broader scope
  • Provides access to first responders, public safety officials, the National Guard, and the private sector.
  • Categories: Crime Data, Public Records
  • https://cs.hsin.gov

Hostage Barricade Database System (HOBAS)

  • Went operational in the late 1990s as part of Law Enforcement Online (LEO)
  • Administered by the FBI Crisis Negotiation Unit
  • Provides statistics on over 2,000 hostage, barricade, and/or suicide incidents in the United States.
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.fbi.gov/hq/isd/cirg/osb.htm

Joint Regional Information Exchange System (JRIES)

Law Enforcement Information Exchange (LInx)

  • Went operational in 2004
  • Administered by Naval Criminal Investigative Service (NCIS)
  • Provides access to over 80 million records nationwide
  • Data access includes incident reports, case records, CAD records, citations, mug shots, pawn receipt data, as well as regional investigative documents.
  • Current and planned deployments provide access for over 800 agencies
  • Categories: Incidents, Mug Shots, Crime Data, Public Records
  • http://www.ncis.navy.mil/linx/index.html

Law Enforcement Online (LEO)

  • Went operational in 1995
  • Administered by the FBI
  • Provides access to a variety of Sensitive But Unclassified (SBU) data sources
  • Categories: Incidents, Mug Shots, Crime Data, Public Records
  • http://www.leo.gov

National Data Exchange (N-DEx)

  • Went operational in 2006
  • Administered by the FBI
  • Expected to serve 15,000 agencies nationwide
  • Data includes incident and case reports, booking and incarceration data, parole/probation information, relationships between people, vehicle/property, location, and/or crime characteristics.
  • Categories: Incidents, Crime Data, Public Records
  • http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/ndex/ndex_home.htm

National Incident-Based Reporting System (NIBRS)

  • Went operational in 1988
  • Administered by the FBI
  • Provides crime statistics from 17,000 local, state, and federal law enforcement agencies
  • Data includes single incident and arrests for 22 offense categories for 46 specific offenses.
  • Categories: Incidents, Crime Data
  • http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/nibrs_general.html

National Crime Information Center (NCIC)

  • Went operational in 1967
  • Administered by the FBI
  • Provides data access to names, fingerprints, probation/parol records, federal prisoners, mug shots, and various stock images.
  • Serves criminal justice agencies in all 50 states, Washington, D.C., Puerto Rico, United States Virgin Islands, and Canada
  • Categories: Incidents, Photos, Mug Shots, Crime Data
  • http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/ncic.htm

Near Midair Collision System (NMACS)

  • Went operational in the mid 1980s
  • Administered by the Federal Aviation Administration
  • Provides data on incidents associated with aircraft operation when the possibility of a collision occurs with a proximity of less than 500 feet to another aircraft, and reports from pilots or flight crew members indicating potential collisions.
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.asias.faa.gov

NTSB Aviation Accident and Incident Data System (NTSB)

  • Went operational in 1967
  • Administered by the National Transportation Safety Board
  • Provides data on aviation incidents and 124,000 aviation accidents involving civil aircraft within the United States, its territories and possessions, and in international waters.
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.asias.faa.gov

Ohio Local Law Enforcement Information Sharing Network (OLLEISN)

  • Went operational in 2005
  • Administered by Ohio Attorney General’s Ohio Law Enforcement Gateway (OHLEG) Office.
  • Used by 90% (over 750) of law enforcement agencies in Ohio
  • Data access includes wants and warrants, incident data, alerts, field interview notes, suspect/witness/victim information, property types, search warrants, traffic citations, pawn transactions, service calls, registered offenders, concealed carry permits and firearm registrations, evidence, and various biometrics such as mug shots, fingerprints and signatures.
  • Categories: Incidents, Mug Shots, Crime Data, Public Records
  • http://www.olleisn.org

OneDOJ

  • Went operational in 2005
  • Administered by the Department of Justice (DOJ)
  • Provides data access to investigative reports, criminal histories, offense reports, an the names, addresses, and other information relevant to criminal suspects or targets. Does not include data bout public-corruption cases, classified or sensitive topics, confidential informants, administrative cases, and civil right probes involving allegations of police wrongdoing.
  • Categories: Incidents, Crime Data, Public Records
  • http://www.justice.gov/jmd/ocio/leisp/onedoj.htm

Regional Data Exchange (R-DEx)

  • Went operational in 2005
  • Administered by the FBI
  • Data includes the identities of vehicles and weapons, as well as addresses and phone numbers.
  • Categories: Public Records

Regional Information Sharing System (RISS)

  • Went operational in 1974
  • Administered by the Bureau of Justice Assistance (BJA) of the Department of Justice
  • Provides access to 7,700 law enforcement agencies and criminal justice organizations.
  • Began providing online access through RISSNET in 1997
  • Data access includes sensitive and unclassified data
  • Categories: Crime Data, Public Records
  • http://www.riss.net

Runway Incursion Database (RWS)

  • Went operational in 1991
  • Administered by the Federal Aviation Administration
  • Provides data on runway incursions and surface incidents for aircrafts.
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://www.asias.faa.gov

Worldwide Incidents Tracking System (WITS)

  • Went operational in 2004
  • Administered by the National Counterterrorism Center (NCTC)
  • Provides data on terrorist attack incidents worldwide; though failed or foiled attacks, as well as hoaxes, are not included in the database
  • Categories: Incidents
  • http://wits.nctc.gov

References:

AIDS (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/ASIAS_HOME/DATAINFO)

AR (http://www.faa.gov/about/history/chronolog_history/)

AR (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/LEARN_ABOUTS/AR_LA.html)

ARJIS (http://www.ncjrs.gov/App/abstractdb/AbstractDBDetails.aspx?id=73720)

ASRS (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/LEARN_ABOUTS/ASRS_LA.html)

BDC (http://www.justice.gov/oig/reports/plus/a0737/findings.htm)

BTS (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/LEARN_ABOUTS/BTS_LA.html)

BTS (http://www.bts.gov/about/)

GTD (http://www.start.umd.edu/gtd/)

HOBAS (http://www.fbi.gov/hq/isd/cirg/osb.htm)

HOBAS (http://www.justice.gov/oig/reports/plus/a0737/findings.htm)

LInx (http://policechiefmagazine.org/magazine/index.cfm?fuseaction=display_arch&article_id=684&issue_id=92005)

N-DEx (http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/ndex/ndex_home.htm)

NIBRS (http://www.fbi.gov/ucr/faqs.htm)

NIBRS (http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/ucr.htm)

NCIC (http://www.fbi.gov/hq/cjisd/ncic.htm)

NMACS (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/LEARN_ABOUTS/nmac_la.html)

NTSB (http://www.ntsb.gov/Abt_NTSB/history.htm)

NTSB (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/LEARN_ABOUTS/ntsb_la.html)

R-DEx (http://www.govexec.com/dailyfed/0605/062805p1.htm)

RWS (http://www.asias.faa.gov/portal/page/portal/ASIAS_PAGES/LEARN_ABOUTS/RunwayIncursionLearnAbout.pdf)

Westphal, Christopher. (2008). Data mining for intelligence, fraud & criminal detection. CRC.

WITS (http://wits.nctc.gov)